Maintaining a Safe and Sanitised Home: Cleaning and Disinfecting during the COVID-19 Pandemic

In these challenging times during the COVID-19 pandemic, maintaining a clean and disinfected home has become more crucial than ever. With the virus’s ability to spread through contaminated surfaces, ensuring a safe living environment has become a top priority for households worldwide. From regular cleaning practices to adopting proper disinfection techniques, safeguarding our homes is vital for protecting ourselves and our loved ones.

Moreover, as life begins to slowly return to a semblance of normalcy, it is important to maintain the same level of diligence in hygiene practices, especially when transitioning between living spaces. For those moving out of rented accommodations, end of tenancy cleaning becomes an essential part of ensuring a hygienic handover to the landlord or the next occupants. By following best practices and guidelines, we can effectively create a safe and sanitised home that promotes well-being and peace of mind for all residents. Let’s explore the best methods and techniques for cleaning and disinfecting our homes during these unprecedented times.

Cleaning and Disinfecting Basics

A. Understanding the Difference between Cleaning and Disinfecting:
Cleaning and disinfecting are two distinct processes that play complementary roles in maintaining a healthy home environment. Cleaning involves the removal of dirt, dust, and debris from surfaces, which helps to reduce the number of germs present. It is essential to clean regularly to keep the living spaces tidy and visually appealing. However, cleaning alone does not eliminate harmful pathogens like viruses and bacteria.

B. Recommended Cleaning Frequency for Different Areas in the Home:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to establish a regular cleaning routine for different areas of the home. High-traffic and frequently touched surfaces, such as doorknobs, light switches, remote controls, and countertops, should be cleaned daily with soap and water or household cleaning agents. Surfaces that are less frequently touched, such as walls and ceilings, can be cleaned less frequently, typically once a week or as needed.

C. Understanding High-Touch Surfaces and Their Significance in Virus Transmission:
High-touch surfaces are areas in the home that come into contact with hands frequently. These surfaces have a higher risk of harbouring and spreading viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19. Some common high-touch surfaces include door handles, faucets, toilet flush handles, and kitchen appliances. Regularly disinfecting these areas is vital to reduce the risk of contamination and transmission of the virus within the household.

Additionally, end of tenancy cleaning is of utmost importance for those moving out of rented accommodations. By thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting the space before handing it over to the landlord or the next occupants, individuals can play their part in promoting a safe and hygienic living environment for others. Following proper guidelines and best practices can help ensure that the space is left in an optimal condition, free from potential health hazards and contaminants.

By understanding the difference between cleaning and disinfecting, knowing the appropriate cleaning frequency for various areas, and recognising the significance of high-touch surfaces in virus transmission, we can take proactive steps to safeguard our homes and maintain a hygienic living space during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.

Choosing the Right Cleaning Products

A. Identifying Effective Disinfectants Approved by Health Authorities:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, using the right cleaning products is crucial to ensure proper disinfection and protection against the virus. It is essential to look for cleaning agents that are approved and recommended by health authorities, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or the World Health Organization (WHO). These authorities provide valuable guidelines on effective disinfectants that have been proven to combat viruses, including SARS-CoV-2.

B. Using EPA-Approved Household Disinfectants for COVID-19:
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains a list of registered household disinfectants that are effective against SARS-CoV-2. When choosing cleaning products, it is essential to check the EPA’s list to ensure that the selected disinfectants are proven to be effective against the virus. Using EPA-approved products provides an added layer of confidence that your cleaning efforts are helping to protect your household from potential contamination.

C. The Importance of Using Gloves and Following Product Instructions:
When handling cleaning products, especially those with disinfectant properties, it is vital to protect yourself from potential hazards. Wearing disposable gloves while cleaning can prevent skin contact with chemicals and potential pathogens. Additionally, carefully follow the product’s instructions, including the recommended contact time for disinfection. Some disinfectants may require a specific contact time to effectively eliminate viruses, so it is essential to allow sufficient time for the product to work properly.

During end of tenancy cleaning, using appropriate cleaning products is equally crucial to ensure that the entire space is thoroughly disinfected before handing it over to the next occupants. Landlords and tenants alike should prioritise the use of effective and EPA-approved disinfectants to maintain a clean and safe environment for everyone.

By selecting the right cleaning products, including EPA-approved disinfectants, and following the recommended instructions for their use, we can take significant steps in preventing the spread of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases in our homes. Proper cleaning and disinfection protocols contribute to a safer and healthier living environment for ourselves and others.

Best Practices for Cleaning and Disinfecting

A. Proper Handwashing and Hygiene Before and After Cleaning:
Before starting any cleaning and disinfecting tasks, it is essential to practice proper handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Hand hygiene helps to reduce the risk of cross-contamination while cleaning. After completing the cleaning process, it is equally important to wash hands thoroughly to avoid potential exposure to any residual contaminants or cleaning products.

B. Guidelines for Cleaning and Disinfecting High-Touch Surfaces and Objects:
High-touch surfaces are areas and objects that are frequently touched by multiple people throughout the day. Cleaning and disinfecting these surfaces are crucial in preventing the transmission of the virus. Some common high-touch surfaces include doorknobs, light switches, handrails, remote controls, faucet handles, and kitchen counters. When cleaning, start by removing dirt and debris with a suitable cleaning agent, and then follow up with an EPA-approved disinfectant. Pay particular attention to areas with heavy traffic and ensure that disinfectant contact times are observed to achieve effective disinfection.

C. Special Considerations for Electronic Devices and Gadgets:
Electronic devices, such as smartphones, tablets, keyboards, and touchscreens, are frequently used and can harbour germs and viruses. It is essential to follow specific guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting electronic gadgets to prevent damage to sensitive components. Use disinfectant wipes or alcohol-based solutions containing at least 70% isopropyl alcohol to clean and disinfect electronic devices. Avoid excessive moisture, especially around charging ports and openings, as it may cause damage. Always refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations for cleaning electronic devices to avoid any potential risks.

End of tenancy cleaning also involves implementing best practices for cleaning and disinfecting, especially when preparing the property for new occupants. Following proper cleaning and disinfection guidelines ensures that all areas and high-touch surfaces within the property are thoroughly sanitised, promoting a safe and healthy environment for incoming tenants.

By adhering to these best practices for cleaning and disinfecting, we can create a safer living space for ourselves and others. Consistent and meticulous cleaning routines, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, contribute significantly to reducing the risk of infection and maintaining overall well-being.

Targeting High-Risk Areas

A. Focus on Frequently Touched Surfaces like Doorknobs, Light Switches, and Handles:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial to prioritise the cleaning and disinfection of frequently touched surfaces in our homes. These surfaces act as potential transmission points for the virus. Examples of such high-touch areas include doorknobs, light switches, cabinet handles, and stair railings. Regularly cleaning and disinfecting these surfaces help reduce the risk of contamination and prevent the spread of the virus among household members.

B. Cleaning and Disinfecting Shared Spaces, Such as Kitchens and Bathrooms:
Shared spaces like kitchens and bathrooms are hotspots for germs and viruses due to frequent use by multiple individuals. Pay special attention to kitchen countertops, sinks, faucets, and refrigerator handles, as well as bathroom fixtures, toilet flush handles, and shower controls. Regular cleaning and disinfection of these areas are vital to maintain a hygienic environment and protect the health of everyone in the household.

C. Addressing Areas with Potential Contamination Risks, Such as Entryways:
Entryways and foyer areas are significant points of potential virus exposure as they are the first contact points when entering the home from outside. Shoes, bags, and packages may carry contaminants from external environments. Cleaning and disinfecting entryways, including doormats, shoe racks, and frequently touched surfaces like door handles, are essential measures to prevent the introduction of harmful pathogens into the home.

By targeting these high-risk areas, we can focus our cleaning and disinfection efforts on the most critical points of contact within our living spaces. Being mindful of these areas and incorporating them into our regular cleaning routines helps to create a safer and healthier home environment for ourselves and our loved ones during the ongoing pandemic.

Additionally, when considering end of tenancy cleaning, it is equally important to emphasise the cleaning and disinfection of high-risk areas in the property. By ensuring thorough cleaning and disinfection of frequently touched surfaces and shared spaces, property owners can provide a safe and sanitised living space for the next tenants. Adopting these measures demonstrates a commitment to the well-being and safety of all occupants.

Creating a Cleaning Routine

A. Developing a Daily, Weekly, and Monthly Cleaning Schedule:
Establishing a well-structured cleaning routine is essential to keep our homes safe and sanitised during the COVID-19 pandemic. Devise a comprehensive cleaning schedule that encompasses daily, weekly, and monthly tasks. Daily tasks may include wiping down high-touch surfaces, disinfecting doorknobs, and vacuuming common areas. Weekly tasks can involve deep cleaning bathrooms, mopping floors, and washing bedding. Monthly tasks might encompass more thorough cleaning of appliances, organising storage spaces, and sanitising electronic devices. Having a clearly defined cleaning schedule ensures that no areas are overlooked and helps to maintain a consistently clean and germ-free environment.

B. Involving All Household Members in Maintaining Cleanliness and Hygiene:
Cleaning and disinfecting responsibilities should be shared among all household members. Encourage everyone to participate in the cleaning routine to foster a sense of ownership and collective effort. Assign age-appropriate tasks to children, which not only teaches them responsibility but also promotes good hygiene habits. By involving everyone, the workload is distributed, making the cleaning process more manageable and efficient. Additionally, shared responsibilities foster a healthier living environment for everyone and reinforce the importance of cleanliness and hygiene during the pandemic.

C. Maintaining a Record of Cleaning Activities for Tracking Purposes:
Keeping a record of cleaning activities can be helpful for tracking progress and ensuring that all tasks are completed as per the cleaning routine. You can use a physical cleaning checklist or a digital cleaning app to monitor completed tasks and make any necessary adjustments to the schedule. Tracking cleaning activities also enables you to identify any missed areas or overlooked tasks and address them promptly. Additionally, having a record of cleaning and disinfection efforts provides reassurance to household members and visitors that proper hygiene practices are being diligently followed.

By creating a well-structured cleaning routine, involving all household members, and maintaining a record of cleaning activities, we can establish a consistent and effective cleaning regimen to protect ourselves and our loved ones from potential virus exposure. A proactive approach to cleaning and disinfecting not only promotes a healthier living space but also contributes to the overall well-being and peace of mind during these challenging times.

Safety Precautions

A. Using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) During Cleaning and Disinfecting:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial to prioritise personal safety while cleaning and disinfecting our homes. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) to safeguard yourself from potential exposure to germs and harmful chemicals. PPE may include disposable gloves, face masks, and eye protection. When handling disinfectants or cleaning solutions, ensure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions for safe usage and wear gloves to protect your hands from direct contact with chemicals. Properly disposing of used gloves and masks after cleaning sessions further minimises the risk of cross-contamination.

B. Proper Ventilation to Reduce Airborne Particles and Improve Indoor Air Quality:
Enhancing indoor air circulation and ventilation is an important safety measure to reduce the concentration of airborne particles, including potential viruses. Open windows and use exhaust fans whenever possible to facilitate fresh air exchange. Adequate ventilation helps disperse any lingering airborne particles, diluting their concentration and lessening the risk of virus transmission. However, ensure that ventilation does not compromise safety in areas where cleaning products are in use, and always follow product safety guidelines for proper use in well-ventilated spaces.

C. Safely Storing Cleaning Products Out of Reach of Children and Pets:
When cleaning and disinfecting, it is essential to store all cleaning products securely and out of the reach of children and pets. Many household cleaning products contain chemicals that can be harmful if ingested or come into contact with skin and eyes. To prevent accidental poisoning or injury, store cleaning supplies in cabinets with childproof latches or lockable cupboards. Additionally, ensure that the original labels remain intact on the containers, providing clear instructions for usage and safety precautions. By implementing these safety measures, you can protect your family, including curious children and pets, from potential hazards associated with cleaning products.

Adhering to these safety precautions during cleaning and disinfecting not only safeguards your health and that of your family but also contributes to a safer and healthier living environment overall. By adopting responsible cleaning practices, you can confidently maintain a clean and sanitised home, reducing the risk of COVID-19 transmission and promoting a sense of security for everyone residing in the household.

Sanitising Personal Items and Clothing

A. Best Practices for Cleaning and Disinfecting Personal Belongings:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to regularly clean and disinfect personal belongings that come into frequent contact with your hands or face. This includes items such as wallets, handbags, backpacks, and other accessories. Start by wiping down these items with a suitable disinfectant or disinfecting wipes, following the product’s instructions for safe usage. Pay close attention to high-touch areas like handles, zippers, and clasps. If the item is washable, consider laundering it according to the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure thorough cleaning.

B. Proper Laundering Techniques for Clothes and Fabrics:
Maintaining proper hygiene with clothing and fabrics is paramount for reducing the risk of viral transmission. Wash your clothes, bed linens, towels, and other fabric items regularly, especially if you have been in public places or in close contact with others. Use the warmest water setting and appropriate laundry detergent as recommended by the fabric care label. If you suspect any contamination, avoid shaking the items to prevent potential virus spread and immediately wash your hands after handling them.

C. Cleaning and Disinfecting Frequently Used Items like Phones, Keys, and Glasses:
Everyday personal items like smartphones, keys, eyeglasses, and sunglasses are in constant contact with our hands and frequently placed on various surfaces. Regularly disinfecting these items can significantly reduce the risk of virus transmission. Use a disinfectant wipe or a cloth dampened with a suitable disinfectant to clean these objects thoroughly. Pay extra attention to touchscreens and buttons on phones and electronic devices. Allow the disinfectant to dry completely before using these items again.

By incorporating these best practices for sanitising personal belongings and clothing into your cleaning routine, you can help minimise the potential spread of viruses and maintain a hygienic living environment. Practicing regular cleaning and disinfecting not only protects your health but also promotes a responsible and proactive approach to reducing the transmission of COVID-19 and other illnesses.

Addressing Outdoor Spaces

A. Cleaning and Disinfecting Exterior Entryways and High-Touch Surfaces:
Outdoor areas, such as entryways, doorknobs, and handrails, can also be potential sources of viral transmission. Regularly clean and disinfect these high-touch surfaces to reduce the risk of contamination. Use an EPA-approved disinfectant and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for safe and effective use. Consider using disinfectant wipes for quick and convenient cleaning of entryway handles and knobs. Additionally, make sure to clean doormats regularly, as they can accumulate dirt and debris brought in from outside.

B. Best Practices for Sanitising Outdoor Furniture and Equipment:
Outdoor furniture and equipment, like garden chairs, tables, and playsets, should also be regularly cleaned and disinfected. Before disinfecting, remove any visible dirt or debris using a damp cloth or hose. For hard surfaces, use an appropriate disinfectant and follow the product’s instructions for contact time. Pay attention to corners, edges, and crevices where germs can accumulate. For fabric-covered furniture, check the manufacturer’s guidelines for cleaning, and consider using disinfectant sprays designed for soft surfaces.

C. Guidelines for Maintaining Cleanliness in Car Interiors:
Car interiors can harbour germs, especially if you use your vehicle to commute or run errands. Keep the interior of your car clean and disinfected by wiping down high-touch surfaces such as the steering wheel, door handles, dashboard, gear shift, and infotainment system with a disinfectant wipe or spray. Use a suitable disinfectant that is safe for use on vehicle surfaces to avoid damage. Remember to clean the car’s interior surfaces more frequently, especially if multiple people are using the vehicle.

Regularly addressing outdoor spaces with proper cleaning and disinfecting measures helps create a safer environment for both you and others. Maintaining cleanliness in your outdoor areas, such as entryways, furniture, and car interiors, is an essential aspect of overall hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic. By incorporating these guidelines into your cleaning routine, you can ensure that your home and outdoor spaces remain as safe and germ-free as possible.

Staying Informed and Adapting to Changes

A. Staying Updated on COVID-19 Guidelines from Health Authorities:
The COVID-19 pandemic is an evolving situation, and guidelines from health authorities may change over time. It’s crucial to stay informed about the latest recommendations from reputable sources, such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and local health departments. Regularly check their websites or subscribe to updates to ensure you are aware of any new cleaning and disinfecting guidelines that may arise.

B. Adapting Cleaning Practices Based on Changing Circumstances:
As the pandemic progresses, the level of risk and transmission rates may vary in different regions or communities. It’s essential to adapt your cleaning practices based on the prevalence of COVID-19 in your area. If there is an increase in cases or local outbreaks, you may want to enhance your cleaning and disinfecting routine to prioritise safety. Likewise, when the situation improves, you can adjust your cleaning practices accordingly, while still maintaining good hygiene habits.

C. Seeking Professional Help for Specialised Cleaning, If Necessary:
In some situations, you may require specialised cleaning services to ensure a thorough and effective approach. For instance, if someone in your household is infected with COVID-19, seeking professional end of tenancy cleaning or disinfection services may be advisable to minimise the risk of transmission to others. These services often use advanced equipment, appropriate disinfectants, and follow strict protocols to ensure the space is properly sanitised.

Remember that the COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented situation, and the best way to protect yourself and your family is to stay informed, be adaptable, and follow recommended guidelines. By practicing good hygiene, regular cleaning, and disinfecting, you can help create a safer living environment for you and those around you. Staying vigilant and informed allows you to adjust your cleaning practices as needed, promoting health and well-being during these challenging times.


In conclusion, maintaining a clean and well-organised living space has never been more critical than during the COVID-19 pandemic. By understanding the difference between cleaning and disinfecting and following best practices for both, we can create a healthier and safer environment for ourselves and our loved ones. Targeting high-risk areas, sanitising personal items, and addressing outdoor spaces are essential steps in reducing the risk of virus transmission.

Moreover, developing a consistent cleaning routine, involving all household members, and staying informed about the latest COVID-19 guidelines are key to adapting our practices effectively. We must remain vigilant and adaptable to changes in the pandemic’s circumstances, adjusting our cleaning efforts as needed to ensure our homes remain a sanctuary of health and well-being.

By following the guidelines and safety precautions outlined in this guide, we can confidently protect our homes from potential contamination, giving us peace of mind in these uncertain times. Remember, together, we can contribute to the collective effort to curb the spread of the virus and keep our communities safe and healthy. Let us take these proactive steps to maintain a clean and hygienic environment, fostering a sense of comfort and security during these challenging times.

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